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The Newport Historical Society is pleased to partner with the Audrain Automobile Museum to offer a t exhibit focusing on the evolution of fashion from the height of the Gilded Age to the beginning of the modern era. The exhibit focuses on the lives of the women in a changing world, as expressed through their choices for shopping and fashion. It also brings to light less obvious stories: American consumerism during the first world war, and the evolution of the industry as women began to enter the workforce and embrace social independence, including the mobility that driving provided. The exhibit is open daily, 10am-3pm. Members at either institution receive free admission at both sites- proof of membership will be required.
The world in motion, fashion and modernity
So, it was that the greater city of Newport News came into being, then the third largest in population in Virginia and the largest in area. In a five-way consolidation was tried with the nearby city of Hampton, the town of Phoebus and the counties of Warwick and Elizabeth City, but failed by reason of an adverse Hampton vote.
Arrow Left Arrow Right. On July 1,the new council was sworn in at the courthouse downtown.
Substandard housing in the city must give way to modern housing, leaving open spaces for light, air and recreation. Neighboring Warwick County alleviated some of the strain as workers settled there. Warwick County However, with this swift population movement to the surrounding territory, Warwick was hard pressed to provide vital improvements such as schools, sewers, bridges, underpasses and hard-surfaced streets to support the new developments.
Consolidation seemed a ready-made solution to the acuteness of Warwick's economic dilemma and to the general well-being of the region. This development of some residences, constructed by the War Shipping Board, was to house the surge of shipyard families who had come to the area. Committees were appointed to address a variety of issues ranging from rewriting the charter to revising budgets and tax structures.
Our waterfront facilities, now owned exclusively by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company will be supplemented by additional private or publicly owned facilities for the development of ocean commerce though this port. The county's tax base, primarily sustained by revenues from home owners and small businesses was insufficient to quickly meet these needs. One might say consolidation was an eventuality from the moment of the city's founding.
Infrastructure in the form of gas, electricity, water, sewage, telephones and ro were extended to these areas. Brittingham, Jr. As the council's first order of business, Joseph C. Biggins was formally appointed as the city manager.
The referendum was decided on July 16,passing by overwhelming vote in Newport News 4, to and by a closer margin in Warwick 3, to 3, In preparation for the transition, elections were held to select new councilmen and the name of the new city. Those projections, now some 60 years later, provide us with insight into the vision and hope that our forefathers had for this great city.
More important are the elements of cultural and educational advantages, the ability of citizens to live together in peace and harmony, to rear their children in a proper environment, and the privilege of working for whom they please.
With that city thus eliminated, Newport News and Warwick citizens organized to bring about a union. City of Warwick Seal, City of Newport News Seal, Present. In commemorating this anniversary we pay tribute to the many farsighted individuals who built this city and worked to ensure that it would flourish. Hilton was linked to Newport News by the extension of trolley service. Air transportation facilities for the entire Lower Peninsula will undoubtedly be established.
The industrial expansion and population spiral resulted in the construction of Hilton Village, four miles distant from the city.
Future Vision History tells us that injust 12 years before the merger of Newport News and Warwick, the city of Newport News founded in celebrated its 50th anniversary or what was called at that time its Golden Jubilee. Likewise, in an effort to stave off amalgamation with Newport News, Warwick also became a city that year.
Many things accelerated this trend: the availability of building material and federal financing for home building, new ro as a result of the war buildup, and the ability to again purchase automobiles for private use. Joe S. Frank Mayor, City of Newport News. The campaign was heated. For the historical record, local leaders of the time were asked to project what they anticipated lay ahead for the city in the next century. Fierce opposition from Norfolk was also encountered because of the proposed new name, the City of Hampton Ro.
InHampton, Phoebus and Elizabeth City incorporated as a city, proclaiming their independence from Newport News. The county population tripled from 9, residents in to 33, by Post-War Era In the post-war era, the trek to the suburbs hastened from the crowded city. Yes, Newport News will become a great city because its citizens have the ability and the determination to accomplish their objectives.
The referendum for a three-way consolidation held the following year was once more defeated by Hampton. Lindsay Almond presented remarks. Pioneer citizens built substantial neighborhoods on the banks of the James and in ading Elizabeth City County.
As early as the turn of the century, home seekers who felt confined by the bounds of Newport News' original four square mile limits were moving into the surrounding countryside. This political union of two distinct communities resulted in a new city that realized the fulfillment of the words of both Mr. Biggins and Mr. Out of our glorious past has come a bright and promising future. The shipyard did its part to insure victory by building many of the vessels that transported these troops to the battle zones.
Physical connection with Norfolk in the form of a bridge or tunnel is not unlikely. Brandon Heights, Warwick on the James, Hidenwood, Beaconsdale and Riverside were bedroom communities for residents who still mostly worked in Newport News. A giant pair of scissors was wielded by Mrs. Homer L. Ferguson, resident of old Warwick and Mrs. Philip Hiden, resident of old Newport News to symbolically cut the ribbons dividing the two communities. The civilian population rose to , an astounding Families were urged to rent out spare rooms to accommodate the new arrivals.
Realizing the seriousness of the situation, a group of community leaders met in early to again head a movement for Peninsula-wide consolidation. City Manager Joseph C. In the not too distant future, it would not be unreasonable to expect a successful consolidation of portions of Warwick and Elizabeth City Counties with Newport News, thereby affecting many advantages and increasing the land area and population of the city.
After the formalities, there was a ceremony at the dividing line between the two cities at 64th Street and Huntington Avenue. Thousands of persons who earned their livelihoods in Newport News, but lived outside the city limits, felt restricted by the county's cautious political process. Consequently, the city witnessed an influx of residents unparalleled in its history. Political cartoons depicted the square-mile city as a wolf ready to pounce on the naive Warwick and swallow it up. Consequently, county supervisors proceeded with deliberate conservatism.
Finding native americans in the historical record
The population rose from 39, in to 49, in Developers created subdivisions in once fertile farm fields. Newport News' tight geography and its role as the economic and industrial heart of the Peninsula defined the outcome. Five large military camps were erected in Warwick; new highways were built to connect them to the port and warehouses ringed the city. Consolidation Attempts In an effort to bring governmental change, several efforts at consolidation were attempted.
By contrast, the city's financial picture was quite favorable thanks to its large industrial base, ownership of the profitable waterworks system and maturing bonds. Warwick County leaders struggled in the postwar era to provide services to its burgeoning populace. The unification was hard pushed in the press with each campaign pointing out the benefits and disadvantages of the issue.
Today, I am proud to with you in celebrating this important milestone in the growth and development of Newport News. The yard's work force more than doubled to accomplish this mission. City of Newport News Seal, Newport News History Consolidation was an economic imperative - a vision of hope for the future by far-sighted peninsula leaders that effected the merger. A celebratory parade capped the festivities.